Novec 1230 fluid is formed from the elements carbon, fluorine and oxygen [CF3CF2C(O)CF(CF3)2 – dodecafluoro-2-methylpentan-3-one]. The primary extinguishing mechanism of Novec 1230 fluid is heat absorption, with a secondary chemical contribution from the thermal decomposition of Novec 1230 fluid in the flame.
Novec 1230 fluid leaves no residue and is safe for use in occupied spaces.
Ozone Depletion Potential (ODP) – Novec 1230 fluid is a highly fluorinated ketone containing no chlorine or bromine. As a result, the ODP for Novec 1230 fluid is zero, meaning it has no effect on stratospheric ozone.
Global Warning Potential (GWP) – Novec 1230 fluid has an atmospheric lifetime of only 0.014 years. The global warning potential for all practical purposes is negligible.
Although the EPA Significant New Alternative Program (SNAP) lists Novec 1230 fluid as acceptable for occupied spaces, NFPA Standard 2001 and SNAP list the following guidelines for human exposure:
Novec 1230 fluid has a NOAEL¹ of 10.0% v/v with no restrictions. The maximum exposure time shall not exceed five (5) minutes. Avoid any exposure greater than 10% v/v (LOAEL²).
The discharge of Novec 1230 fluid into a hazard may reduce visibility for a brief period.When Novec 1230 fluid is exposed to extremely high temperatures, the by-product Hydrogen Fluoride (HF) will be formed. Novec 1230 fire protection fluid systems are designed to discharge in 10 seconds or less in order to minimize the amount of HF formed.